Cannabis and Prescription Medications

***Please note that blog is not to be considered medical advice. Always consult your physician for more information and/or questions related to your specific medical history***


Types of Interactions

THC and CBD are both metabolized through the liver by the same liver enzymes that metabolize around 60% of the prescription medications many individuals take. Therefore, when taking a dose of THC or CBD with prescription meds, there could be an interaction (with CBD generally more likely to interact than THC). 

Generally speaking, there are a few different reactions that could occur with cannabis and prescription medications. The first being where the prescription medication’s levels change and either become very low or very high, both of which can be dangerous. Second, there are the drugs that cause sedation, just like THC does, so taking THC with some of these drugs may increase the effects of sedation. Additionally, other reactions can also occur with certain drugs that don’t activate in the system until they are metabolized in the body where they become active. An example of this is the drug Gabapentin Enacarbil, a form of Gabapentin that our body metabolizes differently than a regular or extended-release form of Gabapentin. Furthermore, although the research is limited, CBD and THC have also been shown to affect Warfarin, Theophylline, and Clobazam, which are very common medications.

One thing to touch on is that opioids and cannabinoids haven’t generally been shown to have a negative interaction. Research shows that people who consume opioids and cannabis together may actually decrease their opioid doses.



The Grapefruit Effect

While it may seem unrelated, grapefruit is similar to THC and CBD in the fact that it is metabolized by the same liver enzymes as many prescription medications. Many physicians will also warn a patient not to take a particular medication with grapefruit because it too can affect how the medication is metabolized in their body and cause an interaction. 

The following list provides some common drug categories and specific medications that have a “grapefruit” warning. While not yet fully proven, they could cause some issues if consumed with THC and/or CBD. 

Antibiotics and Antimicrobials

Amoxicillin, Penicillin Gentamicin, Tetracycline, Tobramycin, Cefalexin, Doxycycline, Ciprofloxin, Azithromycin, Sulfamethoxazole, Augmentin, Flagyl, Amoxil, Cipro, Keflex, Bactrim, Levaquin, Zithromax, Avelox, Cleocin

Anticancer Medications

Abraxane, Adriamycin, Carboplatin, Cytoxin, Daunorubicin, Doxil, Ellence, Fluoricil, Gemza, Halavan, Ixempra, Methotrexate, Mitomycin, Mitoxantrone, Tamoxifen, Taxol, Taxotere, Thiotepa, Vincristine, Xeloda


Zyrtec, Chlor-Trimeton, Benadryl, Allegra, Claritin, Alavert

Antiepileptic Drugs

Keppra, Carbamazapine, Gabapentin, Depakote, Lamotagrine, Dilantin, Topiramate Clobazam, Tegretol, Lyrica, Lamictal, Phenytoin

Blood Pressure/Blood Thinner Medications

Lisinopril, Norvasc, Losarten, Hydrchlorothiazide, Metoprolol, Carvedilol, Furosemide, Cozaar, Clonidine, Toprol-XL, Lasix, Valsartan, Prinivil, Zestril, Coreg, Ramapril, Vasotec, Labetalol, Diovan, Lopressor, Toprol XL, Lasix, Microzide, Clopidogrel/Plavix, Warfarin/Coumadin

Cholesterol Medications

Lipitor/Atorvastatin, Lovastatin/Mevacor, Pravastatin/Pravachol, Rosuvastatin/Crestor, Simvastatin/Zocor, Ezitimibe/Zetia, Fenofibrate/Tricor, Gemfibrozil/Lopid


Cortisone, Prednisone, Methylprednisolone, Dexamethasone, Betamethasone, Hydrocortisone

Erectile Dysfunction Medications

Avanafil/Stendra, Sildenafil/Viagra, Tadalafil/Cialis, Vardenafil/Levitra

GI Medications for GERD or Nausea

Nexium/esomeprazole, Protonix/Pantoprazole, Prevacid, Aciphex, Prilosec/Omeprazole, Zofran/Ondansetron, Promethazine, Reglan, Meclizine,  Transdermal Scopolamine Patch

Heart Rhythm Medications

Amiodarone/Cardarone, Flecainide/Tambocor, Procainamide/Procan, Quinidine, Tocainide, Inderal/Propranolol


Prednisone, Cyclosporin, Neoral, Prograf, Inuran, Azathioprine, Tacrolimus

Medications to Treat Anxiety, Depression, and Other Mood Disorders

Citalopram/Celexa, Escitalopram/Lexapro, Fluoxetine/Prozac, Paroxetine/Paxil, Sertraline/Zoloft, Olanzapine/Zyprexa, Quetiapine/Seroquel, Risperidone/Risperdal, Geodon, Clozapine, Lithium, Valproic Acid, Ativan/Lorazepam, Trazadone, Ambien/Zolpidem, Clonazepam/Klonopin, Valium/Diazepam

Pain Medications (may increase side effects of these meds, but may also work together)

Codeine, Fentanyl, Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone/Dilaudid, Meperidine, Oxycontin, Oxycodone, Tramadol, Norco, Vicodin, Lortab, Demerol, Percocet, Roxicet

Prostate Medications

Terazosin/Hytrin, Tamsulosin/Flomax, Silodosin/Rapaflo, Prazosin/Minipress, Doxazosin/Cardura, Alfuzosin/Uroxatol


Finally, below are several other medications that should be closely monitored when co-administered with cannabinoids because they are metabolized by similar liver enzymes and may affect how the prescription medication will work in the body.

Acenocoumarol, Alfentanil, Aminophylline, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Amphotericin B, Argatroban, Busulfan, Carbamazepine, Clindamycin, Clomipramine, Clonidine, Clorindione, Cyclobenzaprine, Cyclosporin,Dabigatran Etexilate, Desipramine, Dicoumarol, Digitoxin, Dihydroergotamine, Diphenadione, Dofetilide, Dosulepin, Doxepin, Ergotamine, Esketamine, Ethinyl Estradiol, Ethosuximide, Ethyl Biscoumacetate, Everolimus, Fentanyl, Fosphenytoin, Imapramine, Levothyroxine, Lofepramine, Melitracen, Meperidine, Mephenytoin, Mycrophenolic Acid, Nortriptiline, Paclitaxel, Phenobarbitol, Phenytoin, Pimozide, Propofol, Quinidine, Sirolimus, Tacrolimus, Temsirolimus, Theophylline, Thiopental, Tianeptine, Trimipramine, Valproic Acid, Warfarin, Phenprocoumon



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